Cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens), also called chili, stimulates the circulation of the skin, has a mild analgesic effect and relaxes tense muscles.
"Hui, is that hot!" If you bite on a chili pepper, you will feel the fiery effect of the fruit. Chilies - also known as Spanish pepper or cayenne pepper - give dishes such as chili con carne a sharp note. If you need a fire extinguisher after the first bite, drink a few sips of milk or spoon some yogurt. Both relieve the burning sensation on the palate.
Cayenne pepper was grown in Central and South America thousands of years ago. Christopher Columbus is said to have brought the plant to Spain during his reconnaissance trips at the end of the 15th century. Today, chili peppers are popular throughout the world.
What does cayenne pepper look like and where does the medicinal plant come from?
Cayenne pepper is a subshrub that grows 0.5 to 1 meter in height. Its leaves look oval to lanceolate and are alternate. The white flowers arrange in groups and are five to siebenzählig. The stamens are violet colored. The orange-colored to red fruits look conical and are slightly curved. They are always upright and different from other types of peppers. Cayenne pepper belongs to the nightshade family (Solanaceae) and flowers from June to September. The plant is native to tropical South America. It is cultivated worldwide in areas with a tropical to subtropical climate.
Which plant parts and ingredients are used?
As a remedy the dried ripe fruits are used. They contain pungent substances, namely the so-called capsaicinoids. The substance capsaicin plays the biggest role.
What do the ingredients do? What does cayenne pepper help against?
If the pungent capsaicin on the skin or mucous membrane, it irritates there pain and heat receptors. The former first send a pain signal to the brain. The latter cause the skin and mucous membranes to be supplied with more blood. As a result, the skin redden, becomes warm and burns. This effect loosens tense muscles and relieves tension in the shoulder and neck.
When capsaicin attacks the pain receptors, it makes the nerve endings located there less sensitive at the same time. This causes, after a short while, an analgesic effect that the medicine takes advantage of: ointments, creams and patches that contain cayenne pepper can relieve mild muscle and nerve pain. A lumbago can dissolve faster. However, clarify the application in advance with the doctor.
It is also known that chilies increase the secretion of gastric acid and stimulate digestion.
Not every person can take cayenne pepper. If you have sensitive skin, you may react with severe erythema and burning on the pungent. So first try a cream or ointment in a small spot and see how the skin responds to it. Make sure that cayenne pepper does not get into your nose or eyes. Wash hands after use.