Marsh mallow root helps as a cough syrup or tea for dry irritated cough
Marsh mallow - this is what Althaea officinalis is called in English. And not without reason. For in the past, confectioners from the sugar-rich roots of the marsh mallow made the candy that is called "mouse bacon" in Germany. Today, sweet bacon is composed of other ingredients.
As a medicinal plant, Marsh mallow looks back on a very long history. Thus, researchers found in the grave of a Neanderthal man, about 60,000 BC. BC lived, traces of seven plant species - including marsh mallow. This early human probably used the herbs for healing purposes. The Greek doctor Hippocrates also used Marsh mallow for wound healing.
What does marsh mallow look like and where does the medicinal plant come from?
Marsh mallow grows up to 1.5 meters high and has a finger-thick, branched rhizome. The upright stems are roaring inside and out on the outside, as are the leaves. These are alternate to each other, are gray-green in color and shine silky. The lower leaves are triangular-heart-shaped and lobed, the upper ones are ovate and lobed. The large light pink flowers are located in the leaf axil or are terminal and have purple anthers. Marsh mallow belongs to the Mallow family (Malvaceae) and blooms from July to September. It comes from southeastern Europe and western Asia and mainly produces salty soils, for example, by the sea.
Which plant parts and ingredients are used?
The active ingredients are found in the marsh mallow leaves and roots, the latter containing significantly more. The leaves contain up to six percent mucilaginous substances - mainly the so-called galacturonorhamnanes and arabinogalactans. In addition, flavonoids are in it. Marsh mallow roots are ten to twenty percent mucilage. There are at least three different groups: glucans, arabinogalactans and rhamnogalacturonans. In addition, the roots contain plenty of starch, cane and invert sugar.
What do the ingredients do? How does Marsh mallow help?
Responsible for the medicinal effect of marsh mallow are the mucilage. Mostly the roots are used in botanicals. If the mucous substances reach the mucous membrane in the mouth, throat, throat and stomach, they adhere to them. The marsh mallow ingredients thus form a kind of protective layer over the mucosa and soothe it. If the mucous membrane in the throat irritated and inflamed - as is the case with a cold - marsh mallow dampens dry cough and relieves hoarseness.
Even with slight inflammation of the gastric mucosa, marsh mallow root can help.Because a marsh mallow cough syrup or syrup is quite viscous, it stays on a longer time and therefore better for a cough than a tea.
Diabetics should be aware of the high sugar content of marsh mallow roots.
If possible, do not take marsh mallow with other medicines, as the mucilage may affect the absorption of other medicines into the body.