In the world there are three wolf species: The Gray Wolf, Red Wolf and Ethiopian Wolf. There are also several subspecies that are named based upon the region where they happen to be found. While there are plenty of similarities about these types of issues there are therefore enough differences to separate them. The more research that is done.
- The Gray Wolf is the one most people are familiar with. They can have all the colors and vary in size, depending on where they are located. They can be found throughout the United States, Canada and Alaska. They also inhabit some regions of Europe, Asia and Africa. Overall, they are still considered an endangered species. In areas of the United States, however, they have reached high populations, allowing a controlled hunt on them.
- The red wolf gets its name from its coloring. They have a reddish tint of their fur, which sometimes causes them to be confused with the fox. They can also be brown, which is why they are often considered a different species of wolf when they are seen in the wild. They are found mainly in the areas of North Carolina and South Carolina in the United States. They are considered an endangered species and have been around since 1996.
- The Arctic Wolf is one that stands out because of its white and yellow coloring. They live in the coldest region of the Arctic, where very few other animals can survive. As a result, they have a huge margin to explore. Still, it can still be very difficult for them to find enough food to survive. Due to global warming and other factors, this particular wolf has had its own share of fighting.
- There are about 3,000 Indian wolves in the wild. They are found in remote places like Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in the territories of India. It is threatened with extinction because it is heavily hunted. In many areas of India people are very poor. What cattle they have, they do not want to see killed by these wolves. They also hunt them as a source of meat for their own survival. The Indian Wolves continue to have their own territory, so they come more often to the areas where humans live.
- The Himalayan Wolf lives in remote areas that span five countries: Bhutan, India, Nepal, China and Pakistan. It is believed that they separated from other wolves long ago by an evolutionary process, as the glaciers were in place. They have a territory that overlaps with the Indian wolves. However, there is no indication that they form packs or breeds between the two species together.
- The Ethiopian wolf is found in areas of Africa. They are very closely related to the Gray Wolf. This is a very small species of wolf and is often mistaken for a coyote. They live in packs, but are often seen hunting for small prey. They do not seem to have the same need for the complex social structure as other wolf species.
If you are interested in any of the different wolf species, it can be fun and very interesting to learn more about them. You can find many documentaries, books and other sources online, in bookstores and even in your local library. The fact that many species of wolves are in danger means that you want to participate in the effort to keep them.