Vata, Pitta and Kapha: Ayurveda therapy for asthma and allergies

The Ayurvedic Therapy for asthma and allergies takes into account the balance of the three doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha.


Allergies are immunological disorders. They are based on an overreaction of the immune system, a malfunction of the body to a harmless stimulus from the environment.


The immune system shoots beyond the target. Most commonly, respiratory tract, skin and the gastrointestinal tract are affected.


Hardly anyone is aware that every single year our organism is burdened anew with another 1000 toxic foreign substances. Those who do not know that our immune system can no longer distinguish between "good" and "evil", is increasingly directed against harmless substances and substances and exactly this leads to the unpleasant allergy symptoms can experience unpleasant surprises.


Most allergy-producing substances (allergens) are proteins or their compounds. They can be of synthetic as well as natural origin and are inhaled through respiration as inhalant allergens, through food as food allergens or through contact as contact allergens into the body.


Asthma and allergies are associated with persistent hypersensitivity to certain substances and environmental factors. The degree of individual tolerance depends on the own constitutional facilities as well as on the individually acquired level of habituation.

Imbalance of the three bioenergies as the cause of asthma and allergies

According to Ayurveda, three life energies control the inner intelligence of the body and mind: the so-called doshas "vata" (air-space element), "pitta" (fire element) and "kapha" (water-earth element).


Vata regulates all movements in the body, both physical and mental.


Among other things, Pitta is responsible for the metabolism and the digestive system.


Kapha is also translated as "slime" and provides stability and cohesion - both mentally and physically. It stabilizes the immune system with its natural defenses and regulates body fluids.


These three doshas are individually composed according to the constitution of man. If the personal balance of the Doshas is disturbed by external living conditions, it comes to illness.


On the specific symptoms you can see which dosha is disturbed. The cause of the disharmony of the Doshas is usually in a disturbed Agni (digestive fire). In Ayurveda, asthma and allergies are also considered as a consequence of a dosha disorder.


They begin with the loss of the natural balance of the doshas. Constantly arise - conditionally, as I said, by our way of life and malfunctioning of the digestive tract - metabolic residues and toxins, called in Ayurveda "Ama", which accumulate in the case of allergies throughout the body and confuse the immune system.


Particularly affected are the skin and the excretory functions of internal organs. In asthma patients, especially the respiratory tract are weakened - toxins pass through the bloodstream in the chest and lungs.


Asthma is a Vata and Kapha disorder


According to Ayurveda, the decisive and triggering cause of asthma and the resulting disturbances in the breathing process is a disturbance of the vata and kapha doshas.


The reasons for Vata Dosha disorders are excessive stress, too cold and dry food, mental pressure, over-exertion, overwork and too little sleep - especially before midnight.


As a result, Vata accumulates in the colon and disturbs the natural balance, which in turn can lead to disorders in the respiratory tract. The bronchial spasms, the mucous membranes dry out and the air circulation worsens significantly.


Although bronchial asthma due to Vata disorders is characterized by respiratory problems of a predominantly dry nature, Vata disorders alone do not yet cause bronchial asthma.


Kapha dosha plays the central role in asthma as well as in allergies. It regulates the water balance, is responsible for slime formation and thus also controls the immune system.


The main cause of Kapha imbalance is a weakened Agni (literally fire, meaning the digestive fire or even the digestive power - and ultimately the entire life force).


Here again the Vata-Dosha plays an important role, because a disturbed Vata in the area of the respiratory system disturbs the digestion in the upper part of the stomach and causes a turn Kaphastörung.

Kapha accumulates more in the stomach and flows through the circulation in the respiratory system, where it obstructs the movement of Vata (air).


Initially, this usually gives a cold, but prolonged imbalances can cause bronchitis, asthma or allergies.


Especially with an allergy is due to an unbalanced Kapha Dosha or an increased Kapha a disturbed defense function of the body. An out of balance Kapha can lead to mucous congestion of the bronchi.


There are symptoms that show parallels to allergic asthma - coughing, viscous mucus and whistling, rasping breath sounds.


Typical triggers for a Kapha disorder are suppression of emotions and needs, oily / fat, sweet, heavy food, too much sleep, especially during the daytime, and greed, attachment, and possession.

Many health problems are in the digestive tract


Asthma is caused by the accumulation of toxins due to dosha disorders in the digestive tract. Above all, an unhealthy lifestyle causes a metabolic disorder in which the absorption of nutrients and the excretion of waste (stool, urine, sweat, etc.) are disturbed.


However, a dosha disorder alone does not trigger allergy and asthma. This happens only in conjunction with a weak digestive fire, remain behind the undigested remains.


So-called Ama (toxins) are distributed throughout the body through the circulation, settle in the tissue and then impair the function of the organs. Depending on the localization, specific forms of allergies or asthma develop with the corresponding symptoms.

Ayurvedic therapy for asthma and allergies


In Ayurvedic medicine, the human being is treated holistically and treated holistically - and, above all, individually. First, the ayurvedic doctor makes a thorough history of the patient's constitution (doshas, etc.).


In contrast to classical medicine, the focus of Ayurvedic therapy is not on finding out the triggering allergens in the form of individual groups of molecules that are supplied from outside via food and on which the body reacts sensitively, but focuses on the harmonization of disturbed bioenergies.


The relief and strengthening of digestive and metabolic performance (Agni) plays the most important role in Ayurvedic therapy. With the diagnosis made, the doctor can create a therapy plan tailored to him with the patient.


For every person, this plan looks different - despite the same underlying disease picture.


Healthy mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract as well as an intact outer skin barrier are anatomical prerequisites for an allergy-free life.


Through a "normal" functioning digestive fire not only the Dhatus (tissues) are kept healthy, but also Ojas (immunity), Tejas (fire) and Prana (life force), which are all responsible for a healthy immune system.

Conscious breathing, strong digestion and the monthly renewal of the epidermis are physiological guarantors. Successful coping with stress is the psychological basis.


For the treatment of asthma and allergic diseases the following therapies are used in Ayurveda:


  • Nutritional Therapy (Ahara)
  • Order Therapy (Vihara)
  • Ayurveda supplements (Rasayana therapy)
  • Discharge method (Shodhana)
  • Psychosomatics (Sattvavajaya)
  • Yoga exercises
  • Panchakarma cleanses

The heart of the highly effective asthma therapies is the classic Ayurvedic cleansing treatment Panchakarma.


It is more relevant today than ever before, because it not only frees the organism profoundly from metabolic residues, but at the same time from harmful environmental toxins, which regard Ayurveda and modern medicine as one of the contributing factors to the worldwide increase in asthma.



From an ayurvedic point of view, one can generally assume that an allergic reaction is not or only weak if the doshas are in equilibrium according to the individual constitution (Prakriti). However, if the Doshas (Vikriti) are disturbed, the allergic reaction will be much stronger.


If the Agni is strong, the allergic reaction will be weaker even in a Vikriti condition. Agni is the first protective barrier against potential allergens.


In general, colon cleansing is recommended as it will strengthen all the doshas at their roots.


Therefore, it always makes sense to perform a panchkarma regimen, which removes the excess dosha energies and thus restores the state of prakriti, the natural constitution.


After that, it will definitely be easier to treat a still existing allergy.


Source:  Prof. Dr. Shrikant Sharma

Write a comment

Comments: 2
  • #1

    Danny (Monday, 20 January 2020 20:05)

    Just wanted to thank you for the enlightening article. It was time well invested.

  • #2

    Arven (Monday, 20 January 2020 20:38)

    Thank you Danny ���� & ������ (¯`·._)�r��� ♥.•´¯`•.¸¸.•..:*´¨`*:.☆�